Nature and the Bible
What does the Bible teach about the world we live in?
The Bible has a lot to say about the natural world, from the famous opening chapters of Genesis to the final words promising a new heaven and a new earth in Revelation.
The Bible makes it clear that God created the world, and that His intentions were:
- to provide for all his creation, people and animals
- for human beings to populate and use the earth fully
- to give human beings control (responsibility)
This is demonstrated in this passage from Genesis:
“Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
So God created man in his own image,
in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them.
And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” (Genesis 1:26-28)
God creates human beings in his own image – both male and female. There is a unique relationship with God. To these human beings, God delegates responsibility to care for the natural world: environment and animal kingdom.
However, the Bible shows that selfishness – called sin – brought, and still brings, abuse, pollution and problems. It puts greed and pride before love and obedience. This is shown in Genesis, where man’s disobedience to God’s instructions immediately resulted in pollution:
‘(The ground) will grow thorns and thistles for you, though you will eat of its grains. All your life you will sweat to produce food.’ (Genesis 3:18-19)
When the Jews disobeyed or were disloyal to God, his prophets (messengers inspired to make clear God’s thoughts in situations) often pointed out that natural disasters had come or would come. Joel was one; in Joel 1:11 – 12 of the Bible he said:
‘Despair, all you farmers! Wail, all you vine growers! Weep, because the wheat and barley – yes, all the field crops – are ruined. The grapevines and the fig trees have all withered. The pomegranate trees, palm trees, and apple trees – yes, all the fruit trees – have dried up. All joy has dried up with them.’
This should not be taken to mean that God uses disasters to punish people – more that when people act selfishly or irresponsibly, there are often negative consequences for our world. It is interesting that scientific research into the environment supports this, suggesting that increasing numbers of natural disasters are occurring as a result of the impact of our own pollution.
There are specific instructions for caring for the natural world throughout the Old Testament. Resting for one day in seven was part of God’s plan for human beings to be healthy. He also gave instructions to the Jews about rest for the environment, especially for the land used for growing crops:
‘Plant and harvest your crops for six years, but let the land rest and lie fallow during the seventh year. Then let the poor among you harvest any volunteer crop that may come up. Leave the rest for the animals to eat. The same applies to your vineyards and olive groves.’ (Exodus 23:10-11)
In times of warfare, instructions were given to conserve fruit trees:
‘When you are besieging a town and the war drags on, do not destroy the trees. Eat the fruit, but do not cut down the trees. They are not enemies that need to be attacked!’ (Deuteronomy 20: 19)
And it was especially emphasised that animals should be cared for. Proverbs 12:10 says that ‘the Godly are concerned for the welfare of their animals’: a clear indication that honouring God extends to how people treat animals as well as people.
One of the more obscure-sounding laws in the Book of Deuteronomy is, ‘Do not keep an ox from eating as it treads out the grain.’ (Deuteronomy 25:4). Again, it is about the welfare of animals. Although God allows for animals to be used for food, clothing and work (shown in Genesis 3:21 and Acts 10:9-15), He still demands that they are treated humanely in the process. Although not all Christians are vegetarians, the majority will be careful to ensure they act responsibly towards animals, for example, through buying free range eggs or avoiding any cosmetics tested on animals.Bookmark