History

P&P-CHURCH HISTORY-JERUSALEM

History

Christianity’s roots are found in the Jewish faith but the Christian church has gone through many important changes since the time of Jesus over 2000 years ago.

The early Church was made up of many people who had followed Jesus during his life on earth. After Jesus’ resurrection the church began to grow and spread. In many places the Christian faith wasn’t popular as it challenged pagan practices – including those of the Roman Empire. Many Christians were persecuted, with many imprisoned or put to death. However, it was this same empire that advanced Christianity. The apostle Paul was a citizen of Rome, and so was able to travel widely telling people about Jesus. Later a Roman Emperor accepted the Christian faith and made it the official religion of Rome.

Over the centuries the Christian Church has spread all over the world. The early Britons often adopted a Celtic expression of Christianity in keeping with their own traditions. Today the Roman Catholic Church is the biggest Christian Church worldwide and was once the dominant tradition in Britain. The Protestant Reformation that started in the Tudor period challenged many established teachings of the Catholic Church, and consequently there are now many different denominations in our communities: the Anglican Church, the Church of Scotland, the Methodist Church and the Quakers to name but a few. These groups also sent out missionaries to different parts of the world, shaping the worldwide church today.

The Christian faith is a living one. Followers of Jesus have never stopped reflecting on what they believe, why they believe it and how they live out their faith in their communities. Christians have often been at the forefront of setting up schools, hospitals and orphanages, helping the poor and those in prison. In this section you can find out much more about how the Christian faith has developed and the difference it has made in people’s lives. Perhaps you can begin by discovering the name of the Roman Emperor who converted the empire? Or where Quakers got their unusual name?

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History Articles

TUDORS

What was the Reformation?

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BIBLE-TRANSLATION-Tyndale

TUDORS

What was the Reformation?

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The story of the Reformation in England is really two stories at once. The first one is a story about ordinary people. The second is about Kings and Queens, and how they made changes in the way the Church worshipped and worked. Right through this […]

Tudors

Why was Martin Luther so important for the Christian church?

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BIBLE-TRANSLATION-Luther

Tudors

Why was Martin Luther so important for the Christian church?

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In 1505, when he was 22 years old, Martin Luther became a monk. He entered the cloister of the strict Augustinian order in the German town of Erfurt. Unbeknown to anyone, Martin’s actions were to start a split in the medieval church which would eventually […]

The Independents

What was the Puritan view of the Tudor Church?

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The Independents

What was the Puritan view of the Tudor Church?

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The Church of England, in the form Queen Elizabeth I had laid down, was acceptable to most Christians. To Roman Catholics it was totally wrong. To some Protestants, it was a half-hearted compromise. They wanted to see the total removal of all the old “Catholic” […]

Methodism

Why was John Wesley considered a trouble maker?

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Methodism

Why was John Wesley considered a trouble maker?

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John Wesley was born on the 17th of June 1703 and was the 15th of 19 children born to Samuel Wesley, Rector of Epworth, and his wife Susanna. Epworth was an extremely poor area and most people there could neither read nor write. But Susanna and […]

George Fox and the Quakers

How did the Fellowship of Friends begin?

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George_Fox_marker_Bunhill_Fields

George Fox and the Quakers

How did the Fellowship of Friends begin?

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In the middle of the 17th century, a new Christian movement began. Today, in many countries across the world, there are groups of people called simply “The Society of Friends”, or “The Friends Church”. They began with a man called George Fox. He looked everywhere […]

Christianity and social change

How did the Salvation Army begin?

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P&P-SALVATION ARMY

Christianity and social change

How did the Salvation Army begin?

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By the middle of the 19th century, England had become a largely industrial nation. Many more people had moved from the countryside to live in the growing cities and towns. The way the population was spread through the country had changed. But the Church of England […]

THE DISSOLUTION OF THE MONASTRIES

Where did all the Monasteries go?

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THE DISSOLUTION OF THE MONASTRIES

Where did all the Monasteries go?

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By 1291 the country had been divided into parishes, each served by a parish church and Priest. Farmers gave a tythe (tenth) of their crop to pay for this, and the grain was collected and stored in tythe barns. Huge Cathedrals were built and expanded […]

Sanctuary

What happened if you sought sanctuary?

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Sanctuary

What happened if you sought sanctuary?

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In the days before a police force, seeking sanctuary saved innocent lives. People accused of a crime could go to a holy place and be given protection from being killed before there had been a trial. You can read about it in the Bible (Exodus […]

P&P-KING ALF-KING

Saxons & King Alfred

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By the time of King Alfred the Great, some of the Viking invaders had decided to attempt to settle in the lands they were raiding. Alfred came to the throne of Wessex just as these Danish attacks were becoming strongest. As the warfare intensified, the […]