Timeline for Christianity in the Tudor Era

  • P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-1

    1509

     

    Henry VIII becomes king and marries Catherine of Aragon. At this time England is a Christian country. They are part of the Catholic Church, led by the Pope based in Rome. Latin is the main language for the Church.

    BIBLE-TRANSLATION-Luther

    1517

     

    In Germany Martin Luther begins a protest against the Catholic Church. This marks the beginning of the Protestant movement.

    BIBLE-TRANSLATION-Tyndale

    1524

     

    William Tyndale moves to Germany where he hopes he can continue work on an English translation of the Bible.

  • (c) Lambeth Palace; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

    1525

     

    Henry VIII wants a divorce from Catherine.

    He and Catherine have a daughter, Mary. But Henry wants to marry another woman so she can give him a son (to follow Henry as king). The Pope refuses to give Henry a divorce as it is against Catholic teaching.

    P&P-TUDOR-TIMELINE-5

    1533

     

    Henry appoints Thomas Cranmer as head of the Church in England on the understanding that he will grant Henry a divorce – which he does.

    P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-6

    1534

     

    The Act of Supremacy (1534) confirmed the break with Rome, declaring Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England.

  • P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-7

    1536

     

    Tyndale is sentenced to death because of the work he has done on the translation of the Bible into English – Henry ordered the execution. By this time several thousand copies of the New Testament had been printed in English.

    P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-8

    1539

     

    Henry closed all the monasteries and took the land for himself.

    P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-9

    1547-51

     

    Henry dies and his son Edward becomes king. Edward is a Protestant and makes this new form of Christianity legal. During this time Cranmer writes a new prayer book - the Book of Common Prayer.

  • P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-10

    1553-1558

     

    Edward dies and his Catholic sister Mary becomes queen. Mary hates the new ways and reverts back to a strongly Catholic country. Hundreds of Protestants are executed.

    P&P-TUDORS-TIMELINE-11

    1558-1603

     

    Mary dies and her sister Elizabeth becomes queen. Elizabeth’s main aim is to make England a strong and united country. As part of this plan Elizabeth re-establishes a Church of England with the monarch as the head. However in a conciliatory gesture towards the Catholic, Elizabeth reintroduced clerical vestments and a more Catholic Eucharist. Altars were once again allowed, and clergy had to get permission to marry.

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