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People: Martin Luther King
What was Martin Luther King's dream?
Martin Luther King was a Christian minister who believed that racial harmony was vital. He fought for equality for black people in the 1950s and ’60s in America. At the time there was a system of segregation in place, where black and white people weren’t allowed to mix in everyday life. Black people were treated very poorly, having separate schools, restaurants, and parks. They were not even allowed to vote.
Being a Christian, Martin Luther King knew that violence was the wrong way to ‘fight’ the problems. He believed it was important to follow the teachings of Jesus, including this teaching from the Sermon on the Mount:
43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your friends, hate your enemies.’ 44 But now I tell you: love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may become the children of your Father in heaven. For he makes his sun to shine on bad and good people alike, and gives rain to those who do good and to those who do evil. 46 Why should God reward you if you love only the people who love you? Even the tax collectors do that! 47 And if you speak only to your friends, have you done anything out of the ordinary? Even the pagans do that! 48 You must be perfect—just as your Father in heaven is perfect.” Matthew 5:43-48.
Because of teachings like this, he organised peaceful, non-violent protests against the government. He told his followers not to fight back, no matter what happened to them.
Gradually things did begin to change, with schools being desegregated in 1964, allowing black people to go to the same schools as white people. The Voting Acts Rights of 1965 finally allowed them to vote.
In 1963, Martin Luther King gave what has become one of the most famous speeches in history in Washington. It has become known as his ‘I Have a Dream…’ speech. It is so famous, you’ve probably even heard of it yourself!
The most famous part of King’s speech, ‘I have a dream…’ was not originally planned in the speech that day?
He’d used the phrase on a number of other occasions but it was not part of the plan for that day. It was not until a friend of King’s shouted, ‘Tell them about your dream,’ that he wrote it into his script and began to speak from the heart about the dream he had.
Many people think this is one of the most significant speeches ever made in history.
Martin Luther King's work is celebrated in America, with a national holiday in the country during the month of January each year.
You can read more about Martin Luther King here.
You can read and hear his famous 'I have a dream...' speech here.